Testicular cancer is rare. Cancer usually affects only one testicle, and the chances of a cure are very high, especially if detected in the early stages.
Testicular cancer is diagnosed in most men by doing a testicular self-examination.
Testicular cancer signs:
- A lump or enlargement in any of the testicles
- Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- Pain in the lower abdomen and upper thigh
- Sudden accumulation of fluid in the scrotum
- Pain or discomfort in one of the testicles or the scrotum
- Enlarged or sore breasts
The causes of testicular cancer are not entirely clear, but many factors may increase the risk of testicular cancer, such as the following:
- Pseudo-cryptorchidism: where the testicle is in the abdominal area instead of being inside the scrotum.
- Klinefelter syndrome: It is a genetic disease that affects men and causes some problems, such as low sperm count, and some endocrine disorders.
- Hereditary family history: where one of the family members has had testicular cancer.