- The breast is an excretory gland consisting of muscles, fibers, and milk ducts.
- Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that affects some of the breast cells that proliferate randomly and can spread to other parts of the body.
- Breast cancer is one of the most common and most severe types of cancer among women. It is the second cause of death in the Eastern Mediterranean region. In addition, there are more than 2.1 million women diagnosed with breast cancer annually at the global level.
- Breast cancer is not limited to women only, although the size of a man's breast is much smaller than a woman's breast, there are still cells that may undergo cancerous changes. Statistically, women are 100 times more likely to develop breast cancer than men, but the disease may affect any man, especially between the ages of sixty and seventy.
Breast cancer symptoms:
- An unusual swelling or lump in or near the breast to the area that extends under the armpit.
- Change in the size and shape of the breast.
- Change in the color or texture of the breast skin.
- Wrinkles, redness, or inflammation of the skin.
- Change in the shape of the nipple, or inverted nipple.
- Pain, itching, or crusting of the nipple.
- Unusual nipple discharge (fluid or blood).
It is important not to neglect these symptoms, claiming that they are not painful, and to rush to a doctor immediately to ensure safety and make sure that the tumor is not malignant.
What are the methods of early detection of breast cancer:
The method of diagnosis is the same for breast cancer in women and men, in contrast to the delay in diagnosing men's cases in the past. Despite the similarities, differences in breast size and men's awareness of this type of disease and their impact on early diagnosis and treatment effectiveness should be taken into account. Knowing the signs and symptoms of breast cancer may help save the patient's life because early detection of the disease makes treatment options more and the possibility of recovery much greater.
- Method 1: Breast self-exam
- Method 2: Clinical breast exam performed by a doctor
- Method 3: Mammogram.
- Method 4: Echography
- Method 5: Take a biopsy (a sample) from the tumor for microscopic examination